The Druidess. A. Cabanel.
[Graves, R. The Crane Bag and other Disputed Subjects. Cassell, London. 1969].
“Pagan properly refers to the superstitious survival of pre-Christian beliefs in country villages remote from a Christian city…”
“…Celtic is properly applied only to well-armed Danubian tribes of the Iron Age…”. Thus – Greek – Celti, Galates. Latin = Galli.
These tribes – overspread Europe and Asia Minor (sacked Rome and Delph). British Isles > two waves. 7th century BC = Q-Celts (Goidels). 5th century BC = P-Celts (Brythons).
Imposed language/culture on “…more gifted non-Aryan Bronze Age agriculturalists…”. These came – British Isles – 1000 years before. Fron north Africa – one horde via Spain, another via Europe/Norway. The Romans never reached Ireland, nor destroyed the Druidic culture.
The Sea God’s Crane Bag – belongs in Irish Legend to Manannan (God of the Sea). Crane Bag = skin of Aiofe (woman who was magically transformed – Crane). Aoife = ‘pleasing’. Another Irish legend (Mider). Lived in Isle of Man (after Manannan) – kept 3 cranes (warned off visitors).
St Colomba = ‘crane cleric’. Cranes – reputation for disagreeability. Tuarotrigaranos (‘The Bull with the Three with three Cranes’).
Celtic Druids never committed their religious secrets to writing – in “…all secular matters used Greek. not Roman letters.” (3).
Druidic alphabet – arrangement = Pelasgian in origin. Druidic element – credited to – Ogma-Sun-Face. Li Aan writes of Ogmius (White haired Celtic Hercules).
Original Pelasgian alphabet = 20 letters. (Thus B. L. N. = Beth-Luis-Nion). Hence Ogham speech cyphers. Graves references Ogham in: Secret Languages of Ireland by R. A. S. Macalister.
Alphabet = M – Manannan. G – Goibne (the smith). Some characters were borrowed from the Formello-Corveti Western Greek alphabet. Supplied consonants not found in Goidelic, but needed for Brythonic, Gallic, Norse.
“Manannan’s own shirt” = a sea-map. Further reference given by Graves = [Early Irish Myth and History. Rahilly].
Assail = lightening god. Mushrooms in Latin/Italian called ‘little-pigs’. The “bones of assail’s swine’ = mushrooms. Ritual eating of mushrooms = discarding of stems (as bones are from meat).
Irish poetic tradition = Ogham alphabet brought by Ogma-Sun-Face. Spiral crane dance in honour of Apollo (+ sister Artemis) = Delos. Delos = “…centre of the sacrosanct poetic world called the ‘sons of Homer’.”
Graves – writing of Ross’s ‘Pagan Celtic Britain’ – “All else is branded as mythical – mythical being, like pagan, a word that denies truth to any ancient non-Christian emblem, metaphor or poetic anecdote.” . “How blind some archaeologists can be!”.
Asiatic colonies – (Greek) = Southern France. Close trade relations – pre-Classical Greece and pre-Celtic British Isles. Proof = lunulae (new-moon-shaped- collars) of Wicklow gold found in Mainland Greece.
Imprint – Mycenaean dagger – Stonehenge. Trade connection – implies “…common religious ties…” . Suggested by Greek Taurotrigaranos and ‘Druid’. In Greek Druid = priest of the drus (oak tree with edible acorns).
See also – oracular grove at Dordogna in northern Greece. Ties – Greece/British Isles down to classical times. First British coinage – modelled on Greek not Latin. Land of the Hyperboreans (‘Back-of-the-North-wind-men’) = Apollo’s other island, Britain (according to Hesychius).
Straw wrapped gifts – annually – via tribes > Apollo’s shrine (Delphi) = amanita muscaria. Goats = religious importance – Greece. Sacred – ancient Pelasgian Goddess of Wisdom = Athene + Apollo – Hellenic God of poetry and music.
Myth = gods (Olympian) disguised as birds and animals fled to Egypt from Typheus. Typheus > eruption of Santorini volcano (15th century BC). Apollo chose to be a crane.
Greece/Ireland – cranes – sacred to poets. See – Pelasgian poet (Ibycus of Samos) whose death was arranged by a flock of cranes. The Crane Bag contained alphabetical secrets known only to oracular priests and poets. Cranes = totem birds – poetically educated priests (who counselled Queens/Kings).
Gallic coins (Roman occupation) show a Gaulish king as a bull (see Mycenean Greece/Minoan Crete). His druids (who drew wisdom from the Triple Goddess) appear as three cranes. Ireland – Triple Goddess (Brigid). Brigid – among Pelasgians = ‘Brizo’ = protected poets, physicians, smiths.
Eating of crane-meat = tabooed in Ireland and Scotland. Likewise – Hazel (tree sacred to poets) = tabooed as hearth fuel. Midir (Irish Hermes) lived in Manannan’s Island (kept three cranes). Protected secrets = religious calendar, mathematical system.